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The July wave of murderous jihadist attacks in France and Germany, for many of which Islamic State (IS) took responsibility, proves that Europe is not yet ready to challenge Islamist/jihadist terror.

Yet European intelligence services have been aware since 2012 of the massive number of European Muslim and converted citizens going to fight in Syria a...

Between 1960 and 1997, the Turkish armed forces intervened in national politics – whether by outright force or the threat of force – a total of at least four times. Each intervention was justified by the military's self-defined mandate as the guardian of founding father Kemal Ataturk's legacy of secularism and of the Turkish constitution.

The most r...

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